Sep 26th 2022
Understanding the Need for Quality Management Systems in Australia
Quality is the degree to which a product or service meets the customer's needs or expectations. In simple words, quality is about meeting or exceeding expectations. Therefore, a Quality Management System (QMS) is needed to achieve and retain quality in an organisation.
What is Meant by a Quality Management System?
A Quality Management System or QMS is a set of guidelines that dictate how an organisation produces and delivers its products and services. A QMS is an essential tool for any organisation or business that wants to ensure the delivery of high-quality products and services to its customers.
Your organisation or business already has several systems to keep them in operation. A QMS is one more system that, when followed, will help ensure your success.
Organisations use QMSs to document their quality policies, objectives, and responsibilities to:
- guide their decision-making
- communicate to employees, suppliers, customers, and other interested parties what the organisation does
- ensure that its products or services meet the needs of employees, suppliers, customers, and other interested parties.
QMS was often referred to as ISO 9000, the standards published by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The latest revision standard in Australia is AS/NZS ISO 9001:2016.
Components of the Quality Management Process
The idea behind a QMS is to have one source that can provide all your needs for quality management. They simplify and streamline supply chains by maintaining four main components of a quality management process: quality planning, quality control, quality assurance, and quality improvement.
1. Quality Planning
Quality planning is the stage wherein the quality standards are set and how the product or service will meet them. It also assigns responsibilities to specific members of the organisation. This planning stage must consider all quality aspects, including design, customer requirements, processes, and delivery.
2. Quality Control
Quality control is the stage that involves setting up procedures to test products or services to see if they meet the quality standards set in quality planning. This is done during and after production.
Organisations use quality control to find any product errors or defects before they reach the customer. As a result, businesses can save time and money by reworking the product or service before it is delivered by catching these errors early.
3. Quality Assurance (QA)
Quality assurance is the stage that ensures that all quality control procedures are being followed and that products or services are up to the set standards. This is usually done by auditors checking to see if businesses are following their quality plans.
Quality assurance aims to verify that quality standards are being met at every stage of production. QA can help improve the overall quality of a product or service by catching errors and making sure that they are corrected.
Quality assurance and quality control help businesses identify potential issues and take corrective and preventive measures to address them.
4. Quality Improvement
Quality improvement is the stage that continuously looks at ways to improve quality control and assurance procedures. This is done by constantly monitoring products or services for sustained success and changing how they are produced.
Businesses can give their customers the best product or service possible by constantly looking for improvement opportunities. In addition, quality improvement can help enterprises to save money by preventing errors and reducing waste.
Key Elements in a QMS
A number of key elements make up a quality management system and are needed for achieving the company's goals. They are:
1. Quality Policy
The quality policy sets out the organisation's commitment to quality, its overall intentions, and direction concerning quality. It's usually drafted by top management and communicated throughout the organisation.
2. Quality objectives
Quality objectives are specific targets that the organisation wants to achieve to improve its quality. They should be SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, relevant, and time-bound). They cover aspects such as product quality, customer satisfaction, and process improvement.
3. Quality Manual
There is no requirement in ISO 9001-2015 for a written manual, but many companies find that having one can be helpful. A manual can provide an overview of the quality management system and its procedures. It can also be a valuable resource for employees, helping them understand how the system works and their roles and responsibilities.
In addition, a manual can be used to communicate the company's commitment to quality to customers and other stakeholders and is useful for any organisation seeking to implement or improve its quality management system.
4. Organisational Structure and Responsibilities
"Organisation" in a QMS describes people and structures. This element outlines the roles and responsibilities of each department and individual. This includes understanding how each works together to achieve the organisation's goals.
5. Data management
The success of a QMS is reliant upon the data that it contains. This data must be high-quality and readily available for the QMS to drive continuous improvement and preventative quality control activities. Without accurate and up-to-date data, the QMS will be unable to identify areas for improvement or potential sources of issues.
6. Processes and Procedures
Within the QMS framework, processes are defined as those which use any resource to transform inputs into outputs. While procedures are specific instructions that detail how a process is to be carried out.
7. Continual Improvement
The notion of continual improvement is imbued in the QMS framework. As the name suggests, businesses must continually look for ways to improve their quality. This is done through the implementation of corrective and preventive actions.
8. Customer Satisfaction
The goal of any quality management system is to provide products or services that meet the needs and expectations of customers. Businesses need to constantly monitor customer satisfaction levels and take action to address any issues.
9. Management Review
A vital element of a quality management system is the need for regular management reviews. Management reviews provide an opportunity for senior management to assess the performance of the QMS and identify areas for improvement. Management review meetings should be held at least once a year.
10. Document Control
Document control ensures that all relevant documents are up-to-date and easily accessible to those who need them. It also keeps people from making changes to documents without following the right steps.
Auditing is a key part of any quality management system. It provides a way to check that the QMS is followed and effectively meets the organisation's quality objectives. Audits can be internal or external, or can be conducted by employees or third-party organisations.
Importance of a QMS
Organisations face many challenges in today's fast-paced and competitive business environment. QMSs are essential because they provide a framework for businesses to continuously improve the quality of their products and services. This is the role of a QMS.
The primary purpose of a QMS is to help you avoid mistakes, reduce waste and rework, and improve efficiency and effectiveness. A QMS allows organisations to:
- identify and control the risks associated with their products and services
- improve customer satisfaction by consistently meeting their needs
- reduce waste and costs by improving efficiency and effectiveness
- identify areas in need of improvement and implement corrective actions to address any deficiencies
- improve communication and collaboration between departments, as well as with external suppliers and partners.
Managing a QMS
Various methods of managing a QMS enable businesses to reflect their unique goods, objectives, principles, and beliefs in their quality management systems. The most used are listed below.
Standardised systems follow federal codes and regulations for quality management. One of these is ISO 9001. It is part of the ISO 9000 family that guides businesses on how to set up and operate an effective QMS.
When it comes to quality management, four key components need to be addressed: quality planning, quality control, quality assurance, and quality improvement. Each component plays a vital role in ensuring that products and services meet or exceed customer expectations.
Quality planning involves setting quality objectives and developing a plan for achieving them. Quality control is all about monitoring and measuring the performance of products and services against those objectives. Quality assurance provides confidence that the quality control process is working as intended. And finally, quality improvement is about continuous improvements to the overall system.
Businesses can build a strong foundation for delivering high-quality products and services by addressing these four components. These principles can improve their overall performance and make them more competitive in their respective markets. As a result, businesses that are ISO 9001 certified may be viewed favourably by potential customers and partners.
The Six Sigma approach is another popular quality management system. Motorola developed it in 1986 and focused on reducing product and service defects. Six Sigma is a process improvement methodology that seeks to find and remove the causes of errors and defects in the processes.
One advantage of this approach is that it helps businesses improve their bottom line by reducing waste and increasing efficiency. In addition, it can also lead to improved customer satisfaction. It also emphasises the importance of measuring, analysing, improving, and controlling process variables.
Total Quality Management (TQM)
Total Quality Management (TQM) highlights an organisation's requirement to continuously monitor and improve product quality. The principle behind it is simple—ensure that rate is considered at every stage, from development to delivery. This way, not only are customers satisfied, but companies also save on costs associated with rework and replacement.
TQM must adopt all levels of the organisation to be successful. It is only then that businesses can hope to reap its benefits.
Continuous Quality Improvement (CQI)
Continuous quality improvement, or CQI, is a quality management system that focuses on continual and constant improvement. Its focus is on teams and individuals rather than processes and functions, making it an adaptable strategy for different industries.
The "Plan, Do, Check, Act" approach, also known as the Deming Cycle, is the approach used for continuous improvement. With its emphasis on quality at every level, CQI is a system that never stops working with improvements.
QMS In Various Industries
Choosing the method to implement for your business depends on various factors - budget, industry, and specific needs and goals. However, all quality management systems share one common goal: to help businesses provide consistently high-quality products and services. Here are some examples of how QMSs are used in various industries:
Safety is of paramount importance in the automotive industry. One defect or error in the manufacturing process can lead to severe accidents. To avoid such disasters, automotive manufacturers use QMSs to ensure that their vehicles are safe and meet all regulatory requirements.
Some tools you can use in this industry include failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA) and design of experiments (DoE). These tools help identify and correct problems in the manufacturing process, preventing defects in the final product.
As with the automotive industry, quality in healthcare is also highly regulated. Hospitals and other healthcare organisations must meet uncompromising quality standards to be licensed and accredited.
The lives of patients and consumers are at stake, so healthcare organisations must have a QMS in place. It will help them deliver high-quality care and medications. It improves patient safety, reduces medication errors, and improves the quality of care.
Nourishment poisoning, food-borne illnesses, and other health hazards are significant concerns in the food industry. To ensure the safety of consumers, food manufacturers must adhere to strict quality standards set by state laws. A QMS can help meet these standards and protect the public from harm.
Using a QMS, food manufacturers can avoid costly recalls and other problems associated with poor quality. It is implemented using tools like Hazard Analysis, and Critical Control Point (HACCP) plans in the food industry. These plans help identify and address potential hazards in the food manufacturing process.
The Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) is Australia's regulatory authority for therapeutic goods. The TGA implements quality systems to ensure therapeutic goods' safety, quality and efficacy.
Information technology (IT) industry
With the ever-changing landscape of technology, IT companies need to have a QMS in place. The goal of a QMS in the IT industry is to help organisations develop and deliver quality software products.
It will help IT companies improve their software development process, reduce product defects, and meet customer expectations. The tools you can use for a QMS in the IT industry include software testing, configuration management, and project management.
Implement a QMS with SafetyDocs
Whichever industry your business is in, a QMS can help you improve the quality of your products and services. Implementing a QMS can help ensure compliance with relevant regulations, drive profitability through improved process efficiency, and support the development of new products and services development.
To get started with your QMS, SafetyDocs can provide you with the necessary policies and procedures or full management systems to ensure that your system is effective. SafetyDocs by SafetyCulture can help your business develop a QMS tailored to your specific needs. You can use the following documentation to guide you in starting:
- Quality Management System & Plan
- Quality Management System
- Quality Project Management Plan
- Quality Evaluation Plan
Contact us today to learn more about how we can help you improve the quality of your organisation.
Available for instant download and supplied in fully editable MS Word format for use in your business.
Please note that the above information is provided as a comment only and should not be relied on as professional, legal or financial advice.
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